Environmental Science Overview
The ES program places strong emphasis on experiential learning, getting students out of the classroom and into the field, while simultaneously maintaining an academically rigorous curriculum. Students become trained in valuable scientific and technical skills, such as GIS, environmental chemistry, and field techniques and analysis in ecology, wildlife, and marine science.
Upon completion of their degree, students will be uniquely equipped to be instruments of God’s love for all of creation and will have gained the scientific knowledge and skills required to effectively conserve and restore the ecosystems that sustain all of life.
Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science
The Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science degree is designed for students who desire more specialized training. Each concentration for this degree is described below.
- Ecological Research Concentration The ecological research concentration is designed to prepare students who are on track for a graduate program in the environmental sciences. This concentration will provide quantitative and technical skills to implement ecological research in the field.
- Ecology and Field Biology Concentration This concentration is designed for students who seek a greater emphasis on the knowledge and skills to be environmental professionals in the lab and in the field. It is particularly well suited for those seeking careers in government, private firms, or nonprofits as wildlife biologists, environmental consultants, or conservation scientists.
- Geographic Information Science Concentration This concentration is designed for students who seek a more specialized education in GIS technology within an environmental context. This concentration caters to those who desire a career that demands greater sophistication in GIS knowledge and skills.
- Agriculture and Sustainability Concentration This concentration is designed for students who seek knowledge and technical skills to address the challenges of food nutrition and production and other natural resource demands placed on ecosystems by a growing human population. Students will learn to apply ecological principles to sustain and improve agro-ecosystems for future generations.
Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Science
The Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Science is designed for greater flexibility, particularly for those students wishing to accommodate an approved environmental study abroad program. Furthermore, it allows students to explore greater breadth and diversity in their academic experiences, interests, and scientific training.
Although many environmental science programs can be found on Christian and secular campuses nationwide, WJU’s Environmental Science Program places a strong emphasis on experiential learning in the field.
Students desiring careers in environment upon graduation or continuing on to graduate programs can select from a greater variety of courses related to their field of interest. With a more customized course selection, students are better prepared for continued study and stronger candidates for admission into competitive schools.
Experience is crucial to success in gaining employment in the environmental field. We offer paid internship opportunities in collaboration with off-campus organizations, including government, private firms and nonprofits.
Active in Environmental Research
Students have the opportunity to engage in the Honors Program and work as research assistants with faculty both in the field and in the lab who are active in environmental research. Faculty are currently involved in several research programs, including the Pacific Crest Trail Biodiversity Megatransect and an ongoing study of marine biodiversity in marine protected areas of Haiti.
Recent graduates and current environmental science students have worked for the following organizations as interns or under fulltime employment:
- California Department of Fish and Wildlife
- Institute for Bird Populations
- Sierra Streams Institute
- ECORP environmental consulting
- Placer County Conservation Program
- Land IQ
- Placer County Water Agency
Career opportunities range from applied ecology, agriculture, forestry, energy resources, water resources, recreation, conservation, ecotourism and environmental education.
[justified_image_grid ids=11880,11881,11882,11883,11884,11885,11886,11887 row_height=150 link_title_field=off img_alt_field=off title_field=off caption_field=off caption=off mobile_caption=off width_mode=responsive_fallback last_row=normal]
Graduates can apply for careers such as:
Environmental scientists for government agencies
- Geographic information systems analysts
- Wildlife and fisheries biologists
- Environmental consultants for private firms
- Park naturalist or interpretive rangers
- Naturalists and interpretive guides for ecotourism and recreation companies
- Environmental educators
- Plant or soil scientists
- Habitat conservation or restoration workers
- Wetland or rangeland managers
- Water conservation and management
- County planning departments in development of habitat conservation plans and natural community conservation plans.
- -Or- continue on to pursue graduate degrees
Major employers in California, nationally, and internationally include:
United States Federal government
- USDA – Forest Service
- National Park Service
- Bureau of Land Management
- United States Geological Survey
- United States Fish and Wildlife Service
- United States Bureau of Reclamation
- National Resource Conservation Service
- Environmental Protection Agency
- United States Defense Department
- Army Corps of Engineers
State Government (California)
- California Department of Fish and Wildlife
- California Department of Water Resources
- California Department of Parks and Recreation
- California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CALFIRE)
- California Department of Food and Agriculture
- California Energy Commission
- California Environmental Protection Agency
County and City government
- Planning department
- Water and natural resource department
- Parks and recreation department
- Energy industry
- Timber industry
- Environmental consulting
Nonprofit conservation organizations
- The Nature Conservancy
- Point Blue Conservation Science
- Institute for Bird Populations
- Ducks Unlimited
The Pacific Crest Trail Biodiversity Megatransect – A Biodiversity “Barometer”
Dr. Michael McGrann is building an ambitious ecological research project that will involve students in WJU’s Environmental Science program. Faculty and student research assistants walk hundreds on the PCT while collecting data using novel, noninvasive survey techniques. The goal of this project is to track the population trends and distributions of hundreds of wildlife species, and their habitats, along the Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail (PCT). It is referred to as the PCT Biodiversity Megatransect. The PCT is a continuous hiking trail that runs from the Mexican border to the Canadian border along the mountain ranges of California, Oregon, and Washington (2,650 miles long). This is also a collaborative research project with California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) as well as faculty from other campuses.
Goals and Objectives
- Track the population trends and distributions of hundreds of wildlife species, and their habitats, along the Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail (PCT)
- Inform conservation decisions that protect biodiversity in the remote mountain regions of the Pacific Crest Trail
Background and Development of the PCT Mega-transect Concept
In 2006, Dr. McGrann and his wife, Amy, completed a mega-transect of the entire Pacific Crest Trail in California for their graduate work. The McGranns surveyed birds and their habitats and completed 5-minute counts of birds and rapid habitat assessments on 3,578 plots along 1,700 miles of the PCT in California. These plots were systematically established at 10-minute hiking intervals along the PCT. This work was completed in a single season between April and August.
[justified_image_grid ids=6411,6410,6409,6408,6407,6406,6405,6404,6403 row_height=150 link_title_field=off img_alt_field=off title_field=off caption_field=off caption=off mobile_caption=off width_mode=responsive_fallback last_row=normal]
In 2010, Dr. McGrann collaborated with Dr. Brett Furnas (Senior Environmental Scientist with CDFW) and revisited over 400 of the plots established in 2006 along about 700 miles of the PCT in northern California. In addition to conducting point counts and habitat assessments at each plot, the researchers temporarily (for three consecutive days) deployed devices that recorded the singing bird community along the PCT.
Survey of Reef Fish Biodiversity in Newly-Formed Haitian Marine Protected Areas
Dr. John Richert’s study of reef fish biodiversity in Haiti is an exciting new initiative with significant implication for the coastal ecosystems and people of this developing nation. He and his team of undergraduate researchers are surveying the fisheries and reefs within newly-formed marine protected areas to collect essential baseline data for future species and resource management. Throughout the scientific process, we are engaging and training local fishers and students to understand and conserve their own resources.
1. Conduct comprehensive seasonal surveys of the catch and effort of fisheries on the northeast coast of Haiti in order to inform future management decisions for marine protected areas
2. Survey and track fish biodiversity on coral reefs as the marine protected areas are established.
3. Train up local Haitian fishermen and students to understand, study and manage their valuable natural resources
[justified_image_grid ids=11897,11899,11898,11900,11896,11895,11893,11894,11892,11891,11890,11889,11888 row_height=150 link_title_field=off img_alt_field=off title_field=off caption_field=off caption=off mobile_caption=off width_mode=responsive_fallback last_row=normal]
For more information on this past work, read the following articles from the PCT Communicator of the Pacific Crest Trail Association:
- McGrann, M. and A. McGrann 2010. McGrann 2010 PCT Communicator. Pacific Crest Trail Communicator. 22(2):14-17.
- McGrann, M. and A. McGrann 2007. McGrann 2007 PCT Communicator. Pacific Crest Trail Communicator. 19(1):22-25.
For scientific and more technical information, read the following peer-reviewed scientific articles:
- McGrann, M. C., M. W. Tingley, J. H. Thorne, D. L. Elliott-Fisk, and A. M. McGrann. 2014. Heterogeneity in Avian Richness-Environment Relationships Along the Pacific Crest Trail. Avian Conservation and Ecology 9(2):8.
- McGrann, M. C., and J. H. Thorne. 2014. Elevation Ranges of Birds along California’s Pacific Crest Trail. Western Birds 45(1):18-42.
Support the Institute for Biodiversity
- Articulate breadth of understanding in the environmental sciences, including biology, ecology and evolution, environmental chemistry, botany, and wildlife and marine science.
- Be proficient in scientific and technical skills including reading, writing, analyses of environmental datasets, and in the use of geographic information systems.
- Think critically and express a keen awareness of current environmental crises as well as potential solutions at the local, regional, and global levels.
- Formulate a personal set of moral principles, or an ethic, on the environment that is centered on Christian faith and biblical principles and further informed by secular viewpoints.